Dog Profiles - Description of Bichon Frise

Bichon Frise

Description: The Bichon Frise is a small, sturdy, white powder puff of a dog whose merry temperament is evident by his plumed tail carried jauntily over his back. He loves to be the center of attention and is always eager to please. He makes a delightful and amusing companion. Gentle-mannered, sensitive, very playful and affectionate the Bichon is good with children and other pets.

Height: 9-12 inches

Weight: 7-12 lbs.

Colors: White, cream or apricot up to 18 months of age.

Coat: Long and loosely curling.

Temperament: Friendly, active, gentle-mannered. Exceptionally good with children. Good with other pets. Good family pet. Very good watch-dog. Poor guard-dog.

Care and Exercise: Requires daily coat care. Brushing, periodic trimming, regular bathing. Trim around the eyes and ears with blunt nosed scissors. Clean the eyes to prevent staining. Most of their exercise needs can be met with just playing, but they do love to walk and romp in open areas.

Training: Learning Rate: Very High. Obedience: Very High. Problem Solving: Very High.

Activity: Outdoors: Medium, Indoors: Very High.

Living Environment: Apartment is fine if daily walks are given. An owner of a Bichon should be patient, consistent and be able to take time to train, exercise and socialize him. Bichon's do well with the elderly or disabled.

Health Issues: No known heritable problems. Some problems with knees, blocked tear ducts, skin ailments, cataracts and epilepsy.

Life Span: 15 + Years

Litter Size: 3-5

Country of Origin: France

History: The exact origin of the Bichon Frise is still unknown today. Though many agree that he existed before the time of Christ. Some say he descends from the Maltese, others claim he was a dwarf breed that resulted from crossing of a miniature Spaniel and a miniature Poodle with Cayenne dogs. After World War I both French and Belgian breeders sustained an active interest in the breed. A challenge came when it was time to name the breed. Madame Nizet de Leemands, head of the Breed Standards Committee of the FCI asked her colleagues in desperation, "What does it look like?" She was told it was a fluffy, little white dog. "well then," she said, "It shall be called Bichon Frize (fluffy little dog)."

Registration: ACA, AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 9), KC(GB), UKC