Dog Profiles - Description of Cairn Terrier

Cairn Terrier

Description: The vivacious little Cairn Terrier is an active, hardy, small working terrier. He is able to prove his worth as a dispeller of vermin. He is free in movement, strong, but not heavily built. His head is shorter and wider than any other terriers and well furnished with hair giving a general foxy expression. He is a wonderful family dog, but will always remember his ancestry as a "sporting terrier". He makes a very active, inquisitive and "ready to go" dog. He is a great dog for the house and is very good with children. Energetic and always on the watch, he will alert you to the presence of strangers by growling.

Height: 10-12 inches

Weight: 13-16 lbs.

Colors: Cream, wheaten, red, gray or nearly black. No white.

Coat: Hard, longer, outer coat, an abundant soft undercoat. Weather resistant.

Temperament: Bold, alert, intelligent, gentle. Enjoys children's playful activity. Good with pets, but males of this breed may tend to fight themselves. Vermin destroyer, hunting dog, and family pet. Good watch-dog. Poor guard-dog.

Care and Exercise: Never scissors trim his coat, except for the shaping of the feet. Weekly brushing or rubbing with a damp towel. Minimal bathing. Pay special attention to the teeth and nails. Exercise should consist of free roaming in a fenced yard or daily walks. As an earth dog and digger, he will leave holes in your backyard and should be trained not to.

Training: Learning Rate: Very High. Obedience: Medium. Problem Solving: High.

Activity: Indoors: Very High, Outdoors: Medium.

Living Environment: House with a yard, apartment, country or city, the Cairn Terrier will thrive in any environment as long as he receives attention and exercise.

Health Issues: Allergies, dislocating kneecaps and hereditary eye diseases.

Life Span: 12-15 Years

Litter Size: 3-5

Country of Origin: Great Britain

History: Originating in the Western Highlands, he is likely a cross between the White Terrier and the Black and Tan Terrier. He was introduced in the world of dog shows in the early 1900's. The white dogs of this breed became the West Highland White Terriers. He is best known as Toto in the Wizard of Oz.

Registration: ACA, AKC, CKC, FCI (Group 3), KC(GB)