Dog Profiles - Description of Dachshund


Description: Sporty and devoted, the Dachshund makes an excellent family dog. Despite his small size he makes a good watch dog with a surprisingly loud bark. He may be slightly aggressive to strangers. Given the nickname the "sausage dog" he is low to the ground, long in body and short of leg with robust muscular development. The Dachshund has an intelligent, alert, facial expression. There are six varieties of Dachshunds; smooth-haired, wire-haired and long-haired in two sizes, Standard and Miniature. The smooth-haired Dachshund is the original strain, the wire-haired and the long-haired were attained by crossing the smooth-haired with other breeds.

Height: Standard - 8 inches, Miniature - 6 inches

Weight: Standard - 16-32 lbs.,Miniature - under 11 lbs.

Colors: All colors except white.

Coat: Smooth-haired - dense, short and smooth. Long-haired - soft and straight, and only slightly wavy. Wire-haired - short, straight and harsh with a long undercoat.

Temperament: Lively, intelligent, courageous. With Children: long-haired are very good, wire-haired are good, smooth are fairly good and miniature only with older children. Make sure their first experience with children is positive. With Pets: Some co-exist peacefully, many are bossy, likes to dominate other dogs. Must be socialized when young to accept cats. Good family pet and hunting dog for above or below ground. Very good watch-dog. Very poor guard-dog.

Care and Exercise: Regular brushing with a bristle brush. Dry shampoo or bathe when necessary. The smooth-haired dachshund has little body order and can be occasional rub down with a damp cloth. Regular exercise is important as he has a tendency to put on weight and become lazy.

Training: Long-haired are easier to train than smooth-haired but they have a mind of their own and require patient and consistency. Learning Rate: High, Obedience: Medium, Problem Solving: High

Activity: Indoors - High, Outdoors - High

Living Environment: Excellent pet for an apartment or house, city or country. Be aware he can bark loudly. An owner of a Dachshund should be consistent and patient who desires a small active, personable breed.

Health Issues: Prone to disc problems - do not let him become overweight or jump from heights. They are also subject to genetic eye diseases and skin problems.

Life Span: 12-14 Years

Litter Size: 3-4

Country of Origin: Germany

History: Known to have existed as far back as the 16th century. He is derived from the oldest breeds of German hunting dogs. Dachs is the German word for badger. The dachshund was bred to hunt and burrow for badgers and the miniature was created to hunt hares. Today dachshunds are bred as pets, though some in Europe are still used as hunters.

Registration: ACA, AKC, CKC, FCI (Group 4), KC(GB)